Periodontal Therapy

Dental Cleaning

Dental Services

Dental Cleaning and Deep Scaling

Periodontal disease damages the surrounding soft tissues and bone that support the teeth. It is predominantly caused by the accumulation of bacteria, mucus and other particles in the form of plaque or tartar that sit between the gums. Periodontal disease can range in severity from a simple gum inflammation, known as gingivitis, to a more serious inflammation of the periodontal tissues. Left untreated periodontal disease can result in significant tissue damage and eventual tooth loss, if left untreated.

Dental Cleaning

Dental cleanings are preventative treatments designed to halt gum disease and the formation of cavities. The dental cleaning process uses tooth scaling and tooth polishing techniques to gently remove plaque and tartar from the teeth. Plaque and tartar are types of debris that naturally accumulate on the teeth and at the gum line. If not professionally removed, plaque and tartar can house bacteria that will damage tooth and gum structures.

Built-up plaque and tartar can cause gingivitis, an inflammation of the gums. When a patient has gingivitis, he or she will have slightly swollen gums, which are caused by their body’s immune system response to bacteria on the teeth and gums. If bacteria and plaque are allowed to remain on the teeth for long periods of time, the patient’s prolonged inflammatory immune response can cause permanent damage to the gums and the bone holding the teeth.

Periodontal disease is a long-term (chronic) infection of the gums. It is caused when a person’s teeth are exposed to residual plaque and bacteria for prolonged periods. A patient with periodontal disease will have reddened, highly sensitive gums, with infections (pus pockets) at the base of the teeth. The patient may also have persistent bad breath or gums that bleed easily.

When left untreated, periodontal disease can cause the teeth to become loose or to fall out. Periodontal disease is treated through use of oral antibiotics and antibiotic mouthwashes in combination with regular cleaning, scaling, and flossing. Severe cases may need to consult a periodontal specialist to discuss more aggressive treatments, such as gum surgery.

Normal Gums
Normal Gums
Gingivitis
Gingivitis
Periodontal Disease
Periodontal Disease
Dental Scaling

Dental Scaling

Deep scaling and root planing are treatments for periodontal disease. These treatment techniques clean the teeth at and beneath the gum line, ensuring the removal of as many bacteria as possible. Local anesthesia is used to ensure patient comfort during treatment. Patients may also be placed on antibiotics or be given local antibiotic therapy.

Pennsylvania Dental Group
UNIVERSITY CITY PRACTICE

Call: (215) 387-0883
3700 Market Street, Suite 101
Philadelphia, PA 19104

CENTER CITY PRACTICE

Call: (215) 545-6334
1740 South Street, Suite 504
Philadelphia, PA 19146

Please call our offices directly when scheduling Appointments.
Dental Emergencies
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