What are the signs and symptoms of gingivitis?
A symptom is something the patient feels and describes, such as painful gums, while a sign is something everybody, including the doctor or nurse can see, such as swelling. In mild cases of gingivitis there may be no discomfort or noticeable symptoms.
Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums (gingiva). It commonly occurs because of films of bacteria that accumulate on the teeth – plaque; this type is called plaque-induced gingivitis. Gingivitis is a non-destructive type of periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of gingivitis may include:
- Gums are bright red or purple
- Gums are tender, and sometimes painful to the touch
- Gums bleed easily when brushing teeth or flossing
- Halitosis (bad breath)
- Inflammation (swollen gums)
- Receding gums
- Soft gums
To diagnose gingivitis, a dentist or oral hygienist simply checks for gingivitis symptoms, such as plaque and tartar in the oral cavity. Checking for signs of periodontitis may also be recommended; this may be done by X-ray or periodontal probing.
If you are diagnosed early on, and treatment is prompt and proper, gingivitis can be successfully reversed. Treatment involves care by a dental professional, and follow-up procedures at home.
Read about the causes and treatments of gingivitis in the full article at: Medical News Today